Beaked whales strandings in El Salvador


  • Wojtek Bachara none P.O. BOX 555, 05-120 Legionowo
  • Ricardo Ibarra Portillo Fundacion Zoologica de El Salvador (FUNZEL), Colonia San Benito, Ave. Las Palmas 192; San Salvador
  • Elba Martinez de Navas Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Calle y Colonia Las Mercedes km 5 1/2 carretera a Santa Tecla, San Salvador
  • Luis Pineda Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources, Calle y Colonia Las Mercedes km 5 1/2 carretera a Santa Tecla, San Salvador



Mesoplodon, Ziphius


This short communication summarizes all the stranding records of beaked whales in El Salvador that could be located or were available, all in the Pacific Ocean and presents first records of Peruvian, Cuvier's and Blainville's beaked whales in El Salvador.


Bachara, W. and Norman, S.A. (2013) Ziphius cavirostris strandings - a short review. Paper SC/65a/SM1 presented to the Scientific Committee, International Whaling Commission, Jeju, Korea, 3-5 June. [Available from the Office of the International Whaling Commission, The Red House, 135 Station Road, Impington, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire CB4 9NP, UK, <>

Cabrera Arreola, A., Ortíz Wolford, J.S., Corona Figueroa, M.F. and Gudiel Corona, V.M. (2014) Cetáceos del Pacífico de Guatemala: Cincuenta años de historia. Ciencia, Tecnología y Salud 1(1): 51-63.

García-Grajales, J., Buenrostro Silva, A., Rodríguez-Rafael, E. and Meraz, J. (2017) Biological ob-servations and first stranding record of Mesoplodon peruvianus from the central Pacific coast of Oaxaca, Mexico. Therya 8(2): 179-184.

Heyning, J.E. (1989) Cuvier’s beaked whale Ziphius cavirostris G. Cuvier, 1823. Pages 289–320 in Ridgway, S.H. and Harrison, R. (eds) Handbook of marine mammals. Vol. 4. River dolphins and larger toothed whales. Academic Press, London.

Jackson, A., Gerrodette, T., Chivers, S., Lynn, M., Rankin, S. and Mesnick, S. (2008) Marine mammal data collected during a survey in the Eastern Tropical Pacific Ocean aboard the NOAA ships David Starr Jordan and MacArthur II, July 28–December 7 2006. NOAA Technical Memorandum TM-NMFS-SWFSC-421. Southwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, La Jolla, CA. 45 pp.

Kinzey, D., Gerrodette, T., Dizon, A., Perryman, W., Olson, P. and Rankin, S. (2001) Marine Mammal Data Collected during a survey in the Eastern Tropical Pacific ocean aboard the NOAA ships McArthur and David Starr Jordan, July 28-December 9, 2000. U. S. Department of Commerce. NOAA Technical Memorandum NMFS-303. 99 pp.

May-Collado, L., Gerrodette, T., Calambokidis, J., Rasmussen, K. and Sereg, I. (2005) Patterns of cetacean sighting distribution in the Pacific Exclusive Economic Zone of Costa Rica based on data collected from 1979-2001. Revista de Biología Tropical 53: 249-263.

Mead, J.G. (1989) Beaked whales of the genus Mesoplodon. Pages. 349-430 in Ridgway, S.H. and Harrison, R. (eds) Handbook of marine mammals, Vol. 4: River dolphins and the larger toothed whales. Academic Press, London.

Pitman, R.L. and Lynn, M.S. (2001) Biological observations of an unidentified mesoplodont whale in the eastern tropical Pacific and probable identity: Mesoplodon peruvianus. Marine Mammal Science 17(3): 648-657.

Pitman, R.L., Aguayo L., A. and Urbán R., J. (1987) Observations of an unidentified beaked whale (Mesoplodon sp.) in the eastern tropical Pacific. Marine Mammal Science 3(4): 345-352.

Reyes, J.C. and Van Waerebeek, K.V. (2018) The lesser beaked whale Mesoplodon peruvianus Reyes, Mead & Van Waerebeek 1991, revisited, with biological observations on new specimens from Peru. Journal of Marine Biology and Oceanography 7:4. 10 pp.

Urbán R., J., Viloria G., L., Gómez-Gallardo U., A., Elorriaga V., F. and Martínez A., S. In prep. Diversidad de Mamíferos marinos en las costas de Baja California Sur. Biodiversidad de Baja California Sur. CONABIO.





Short Communications (cancelled as of 2021)