• Miriam Marmontel Instituto de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá
  • Danielle Lima Instituto de Desenvolvimento Sustentável Mamirauá
  • Paul Van Damme FAUNAGUA
  • Jessica Groenendijk Cocha Cashu Biological Station
  • Fernando Trujillo Fundación Omacha




Research, Conservation


During the IX Congress of Wildlife Management, in May 2010, in Bolivia, a meeting with attending giant otter researchers was called to discuss the progress of research and conservation of Pteronura brasiliensis, which resulted in this issue.


Allen, D. (2010) Otter. Reaktion Books, London. 183 pp.

Bekoff, M., Daniels, T.J. and Gittleman, J.L. (1984) Life history patterns and the comparative social ecology of carnivores. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 15: 191-232.

Caballero, S., Cárdenas, C. and Trujillo, F. (2015) Population structure and genetic diversity of the endangered South American giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) from the Orinoco Basin in Colombia: management implications and application to current conservation programs. Journal of Heredity 2015: 469-477. doi:10.1093/jhered/esv049 Symposium Article

Carter, S.K. and Rosas, F.C.W. (1997) Biology and conservation of the giant otter Pteronura brasiliensis. Mammal Review 27(1): 1-26.

Conover, M. (2002) Resolving human-wildlife conflicts - the science of wildlife damage management. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL. 418 pp.

Davenport, L.C. (2008) Behavior and ecology of the giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) in oxbow lakes of the Manu Biosphere Reserve, Peru. Ph.D. Thesis. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. 232 pp.

Duplaix, N. (1980) Observations on the ecology and behavior of the giant river otter Pteronura brasiliensis in Suriname. Revue Écologique (Terre et Vie) 34: 495-620.

Foster-Turley, P., Macdonald, S. and Mason, C. (1990) Otters: An Action Plan for their Conservation. UICN/SSC Otter Specialist Group, Gland, Switzerland. 126 pp.

Garcia, D.M., Marmontel, M., Rosas, F.W. and Santos, F.R. (2007) Conservation genetics of the giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis(Zimmerman, 1780)) (Carnivora, Mustelidae). Brazilian Journal of Biology 67(4): 819- 827.

Gittleman, J.L. (1989) Carnivore group living: comparative trends. Pages 183-207 in Gittleman, J.L (ed.) Carnivore behavior, ecology, and evolution. Comstcok Publishing Associates, Ithaca.

Gomez, D.M.V. (2004) Valoración biológica y cultural de la nutria gigante (Pteronura brasiliensis), en el area de influencia de Puerto Carreño, Vichada, Colombia (ríos Orinoco, Bita, Caños Juriepe y Negro). Undergraduate Thesis in Ecology, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia. 84 pp.

Gómez, J.R. and Jorgenson, J.P (1999) An overview of the giant otter-fisherman problem in the Orinoco Basin of Colombia. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin 16(2): 90-96.

Groenendijk, J., Hajek, F., Duplaix, N., Reuther, C., Van Damme, P., Schenck, C., Staib, E., Wallace, R., Waldemarin, H., Notin, R., Marmontel, M., Rosas, F., De Mattos, G.E., Evangelista, E., Utreras, V., Lasso, G., Jacques, H., Matos, K., Roopsing, I. and Botello, J.C. (2005) Surveying and monitoring distribution and population trends of the giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) - guidelines for a standardisation of survey methods as recommended by the Giant Otter Section of the IUCN/SSC Otter Specialist Group. Habitat 16: 1-100.

Groenendijk, J., Hajek, F., Johnson, P.J., Macdonald, D., Calvimontes, J., Staib, E. and Schenck, C. (2014) Demography of the giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) in Manu National Park, south-eastern Peru: implications for conservation. PLoS ONE9(8): e106202. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0106202

Groenendijk, J., Duplaix, N., Marmontel, M., Van Damme, P. and Schenck, C. (2015a) Pteronura brasiliensis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2015: e.T18711A21938411.

http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2015-2.RLTS.T18711A21938411.en. Consulted on 28 August 2015.

Groenendijk, J., Hajek, F., Schenck, C., Staib, E., Johnson, P.J. and MacDonald, D.W. (2015b) Effects of territory size on the reproductive success and social system of the giant otter, south-eastern Peru. Journal of Zoology 296(3): 153-160. doi 10.1111/jzo.12231

Gutleb, A., Schenck, C. and Staib, E. (1997). Giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) at risk? Total mercury and methylmercury levels in fish and otter scats, Peru. Ambio XXVI(8): 511-514.

Kruuk, H. (2006) Otters - ecology, behaviour and conservation. Oxford University Press, Oxford. 265 pp.

Laidler, P.E. (1984) The behavioral ecology of the giant river otter in Guyana. Ph.D. Thesis. University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom. 319 pp.

Laidler, K. and Laidler, L. (1983) The River Wolf. George Allen & Unwin, London.178 pp.

Lasmar, R.P., Lima, D.S. and Marmontel, M. (2013) What do local fishermen from the mid Solimões river think about the giant river otter? Natural Resources 3: 42-48.

Leuchtenberger, C., Oliveira-Santos, L.G.R., Magnusson, W. and Mourão, G. (2013a) Space use by giant otter groups in the Brazilian Pantanal. Journal of Mammalogy 94(2): 320-330. doi: 10.1644/12-MAMM-A-210.1

Leuchtenberger, C., Zucco, C.A., Ribas, C., Magnusson, W. and Mourão, G. (2013b) Activity patterns of giant otters recorded by telemetry and camera traps. Ethology Ecology & Evolution http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03949370.2013.821673

Leuchtenberger, C., Magnusson, W. and Mourão, G. (2015) Territoriality of giant otter groups in an area with seasonal flooding. PLoS ONE10(5): e0126073. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0126073

Lima, D.S. and Marmontel, M. (2011) Return to the wild and reintegration of a giant river otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) cub to its family group in Amanã Sustainable Development Reserve, Brazilian Amazon. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 9(2): 164-167. http://dx.doi.org/10.5597/lajam00183

Lima, D.S., Marmontel, M. and Bernard, E. (2013) Reoccupation of historical areas by the endangered giant river otter Pteronura bralisiensis (Carnivora: Mustelidae) in Central

Amazonia, Brazil. Mammalia 78(2): 177-184. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/mammalia-2013-0023

Lima, D.S, Marmontel, M. and Bernard, E. (2014) Conflicts between humans and giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis) in Amanã Reserve, Brazilian Amazonia. Ambiente & Sociedade 17(2): 127-142.

Mason, C.F. and MacDonald, S.M. (2008) Otters: ecology and conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 236 pp.

Pickles, R.S.A., Groombridge, J.J., Zambrana Rojas, V.D., Van Damme, P., Gottelli, D., Kundu, S., Bodmer, R., Ariani, C.V., Iyengar, A and Jordan, W.C. (2011a) Phylogeography and identification of evolutionary significant units in the giant otter. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 61: 616- 627.

Pickles, R.S.A., Zambrana, Jordan, B., Hoffmann-Heap, I., Salinas, A., Groombridge, J. and Van Damme, P. (2011b) An evaluation of the utility of camera traps in monitoring giant otter populations. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin 28(1): 39-45.

Pickles, R.S.A., Groombridge, J.J., Zambrana Rojas, V.D., Van Damme, P., Gottelli, D., Ariani, C.V. and Jordan, W.C. (2012) Genetic diversity and population structure in the endangered giant otter. Conservation Genetics 13: 235 -245.

Recharte, M. and Bodmer, R. (2009) Recovery of the endangered giant otter Pteronura brasiliensison the Yavarí-Mirín and Yavarí Rivers: a success story for CITES. Oryx 44(1): 83-88.

Recharte, M., Bowler, M. and Bodmer, R. (2008) Potential conflict between fishermen and giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) populations by fishermen in response to declining stocks of arowana fish (Osteoglossum bicirhossum) in Northeastern Peru. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin 25(2): 89-93.

Ribas, C., Cunha, H.A., Damasceno, G., Magnusson, W.E., Solé-Cava, A. and Mourão, G. (2015) More than meets the eye: kinship and social organization in giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis). Behavior Ecology and Sociobiology 12 pp. doi 10.1007/s00265-015-2015-7

Ribas, C., Damasceno, G., Magnusson, W., Leuchtenberger, C. and Mourão, G. (2012) Giant otters feeding on caiman: evidence for an expanded trophic niche of recovering populations. Studies on Neotropical Fauna and Environment 47(1): 19-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01650521.2012.662795

Ribas Pereira, C. (2004) Desenvolvimento de um programa de monitoramento em longo prazo das ariranhas (Pteronura brasiliensis) no Pantanal brasileiro. M.Sc. Thesis. Universidade Federal de Mato Grosso do Sul. Campo Grande, Brazil. 68 pp.

Rosas, F.C.W., Zuanon, A.S. and Carter, S.K. (1999) Feeding ecology of the giant otter, Pteronura brasiliensis. Biotropica 31(3): 502-506.

Rosas-Ribeiro, P., Rosas, F.C.W. and Zuanon, J. (2011) Conflict between fishermen and giant otters Pteronura brasiliensisin Western Brazilian Amazon. Biotropica 44(3): 437-444. doi 10.1111/j.1744-7429.2011.00828.x

Schenck, C. (1999) Lobo de río Pteronura brasiliensis- Presencia, uso del hábitat y protección en el Perú. Ph.D.Thesis. Facultad de Biologia, Universidad Ludwig-Maximilians, Munich. Agencia de Cooperación Técnica Alemana, Sociedad Zoologica de Frankfurt, Proyecto Planificación y Manejo de Áres Protegidas Amazónicas, INRENA-FANPE. 176 pp.

Schweizer, J. (1992) Ariranhas no Pantanal. EDIBRAN, Curitiba. 202 pp.

Silva, R.E., Rosas, F.C.W and Zuanon, J. (2014) Feeding ecology of the giant otter (Pteronura brasiliensis) and the Neotropical otter (Lontra longicaudis) in Jaú National Park, Amazon, Brazil. Journal of Natural History 48: 465-479.

Silveira, L., Furtado, M.M., Rosas, F.C.W., Silva, L.C., Cabral, M.M.M, Torres, N.M., Sollmann, R., Kouba, A. and Jácomo, A.T.A (2011) Tagging giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis) (Carnivora, Mustelidae) for radio-telemetry studies. Aquatic Mammals 37(2): 208-212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1578/AM.37.2.2011.208

Staib, E. (2002) Oko-Ethologie von Riesenottern (Pteronura brasiliensis)en Peru. Aachen: Shaker. Ph.D. Thesis [translated into Spanish in 2005 by Ayuda para Vida Silvestre Amenazada - Sociedad Zoologica de Francfort, as Eco-etología del lobo de rio (Pteronura brasiliensis) en el sureste del Perú]. 196 pp.

Utreras, V. and Pinos, L. (2003) Camera trap use for studying giant otters (Pteronura brasiliensis) in the Yasuní Biosphere Reserve, Ecuadorian Amazon. IUCN Otter Specialist Group Bulletin20(2): 69-71.

Utreras, V., Suárez, E., Zapata-Ríos, G., Lasso, G. and Pinos, L. (2005) Dry and rainy season estimations of giant otter, Pteronura brasiliensis, home range in the Yasuní National Park, Ecuador. The Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals 4(2): 191-194. http://dx.doi.org/10.5597/lajam00085

Utreras, V., Trujillo, F. and Usma, S. (2013) Plan de Acción para la Conservación de los Mamíferos Acuáticos en la Amazonía Ecuatoriana. WCS, Fundación Omacha, Ministerio del Ambiente and WWF, Quito, Ecuador.

Yoxon, P. and Yoxon, G.M. (2014) Otters of the world. Whittles Publishing, Dunbeath, UK. 154 pp.

Zambrana Rojas, V., Pickles, R.S. and Van Damme, P.A. (2012) Abundancia relativa de la londra (Pteronura brasiliensis) en los ríos Blanco y San Martín (cuenca del río Iténez, Beni-Bolivia). Pages 183-193 inVan Damme, P.A., Maldonado, M., Pouilly, M. and Doria, C.R.C. (Eds). Aguas del Iténez-Guaporé: recursos hidrobiológicos de un patrimonio binacional (Bolivia y Brasil). Editorial INIA, Cochabamba, Bolivia. 420 pp.




How to Cite

Marmontel, M., Lima, D., Van Damme, P., Groenendijk, J., & Trujillo, F. (2015). Editorial. Latin American Journal of Aquatic Mammals, 10(2), 70-74. https://doi.org/10.5597/lajam00199